Mechanical Packers are most commonly used in poured concrete substrates. In adequately consolidated poured concrete structures, the drill hole itself acts as a channel through which the chemical grout will travel as it reaches the cross-section of the crack or joint. In these conditions, only the entire rubber shaft of the mechanical must be recessed into the drill hole to create an adequate compression seal. In the example of a 3” long packer, this would leave approximately 1.5” of metal shaft for connection access from the coupler that connects the hose line to the mechanical packer. However, it is common to experience micro-spalling at the point of drilling as the drill catches the 45-degree drill line. In these cases, the packer must be set even further into the concrete to ensure the rubber is fully recessed into the drill hole. This condition decreases the length of shaft accessible at the face of the substrate for connection to the coupler and can present challenges for the applicator. For this reason, it is advised to utilize 4” or 6” long packers in deteriorated or defective concrete substrates (see FIGURE 3).
Length can also be advantageous when the contractor is attempting to inject the material to a specific point within the substrate. For example, it may be desirable to deliver chemical grout to the backside of a 4” substrate, or to a certain depth for a pipe penetration, or to account or unknown consolidation of the concrete within the drill hole channel that could lead to lateral travel of chemical grout to undesired locations within the substrate. Each job-site and substrate condition is different, and length of mechanical packer can provide the contractor with more options and ultimately a more effective delivery of chemical grout.